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What is periodontitis?

Patients — Periodontics

What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is a dental disease that occurs when the gums are inflamed.
This inflammation can spread to the bone, where the teeth are attached.

What causes periodontitis?
Bacteria, which often accumulate in the soft deposits of the teeth, along the edges of the gums and on tartar.

What does periodontitis do?
It causes inflammations of the gums where they become swollen and tender, and turn dark red. In addition the gums bleed easily, especially when you brush your teeth. If the disease is allowed to progress, the seal between the teeth and the gums is broken and a crevice-like gap (pocket) forms between the teeth and the gums. At the same time, the bone is attacked by bacteria and bone tissue is lost. This causes the bone to disintegrate, the teeth begin to loosen and eventually they can fall out.
In about 10% of cases, periodontitis becomes so serious that the person can loose their teeth, if they do not have the appropriate treatment.

Who is affected by periodontitis?
Most people suffer from periodontitis to some degree. About 70% of the population is affected by periodontitis at some time in their lives. People over the age of 40 are especially prone to the condition, and studies have shown that it is inherited.